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Avira Antivirus Pro - Review 2020 - PCMag India

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Avira Antivirus Pro - Review 2020 - PCMag IndiaAvira Antivirus Pro - Review 2020 - PCMag IndiaPosted: 11 Jun 2020 12:00 AM PDTEvery computer needs antivirus protection, and one way companies can support that aim is to provide free antivirus to the masses. But these companies can't survive unless some users shell out their hard-earned cash for paid antivirus utilities. Piling on pro-only tools and components is one way companies encourage upgrading to a paid antivirus. Avira Antivirus Pro adds several components not available to users of Avira Free Security, but they don't really add much value. The biggest reason to pay for it is if you want to use Avira in a commercial setting, which isn't allowed with the free version.Avira's pricing is undeniably on the high side, with a list price of $59.88 per year for one license, $71.88 for three, and $95.88 for five. Admittedly, it seems to be perpetually on sale; just now, the one-license price is discounted to $44.99. That…

Fauci doubts effectiveness of coronavirus vaccine in US due to anti-vaxxers - The Guardian

Fauci doubts effectiveness of coronavirus vaccine in US due to anti-vaxxers - The Guardian


Fauci doubts effectiveness of coronavirus vaccine in US due to anti-vaxxers - The Guardian

Posted: 29 Jun 2020 09:24 AM PDT

The US is "unlikely" to achieve herd immunity to the coronavirus even with a vaccine, according to the country's leading public health expert, who warned that a "general anti-science, anti-authority, anti-vaccine feeling" is likely to thwart vaccination efforts.

In an interview with CNN, Dr Anthony Fauci also said people not wearing masks was "a recipe for disaster" and said of the Trump administration's attempts at contact tracing: "I don't think we're doing very well."

The US reported a record number of new coronavirus cases in a single day on Friday, with 36 states reporting a rise in infections and Texas, Florida and Arizona particularly badly hit. With more than 2.5m coronavirus cases and more than 125,000 deaths, the US accounts for about 25% of all coronavirus cases and deaths worldwide.

Countries including the US are scrambling to develop a vaccine, and Fauci has said one could be available by the end of 2020 or early 2021. But he suggested the vaccine would not be fully effective.

"The best we've ever done is measles, which is 97% to 98% effective," Fauci told CNN. "That would be wonderful if we get there. I don't think we will. I would settle for [a] 70%, 75% effective vaccine."

Polls have shown that many Americans are skeptical of a vaccine. In May only half of Americans said they would get one if it becomes available, while a Washington Post survey showed 27% would likely refuse a vaccine.

Fauci was asked if herd immunity could be achieved through two-thirds of the population taking a vaccine that was only 70% to 75% effective.

"No – unlikely," he said.

"There is a general anti-science, anti-authority, anti-vaccine feeling among some people in this country – an alarmingly large percentage of people, relatively speaking," Fauci said, adding that the government has "a lot of work to do" to educate people about vaccines.

Why US anti-vaxxers will refuse a coronavirus vaccine – video

Contact tracing – the act of monitoring people who have come into contact with someone infected with the coronavirus – is seen as one of the most effective measures until a vaccine is developed. Asked how the US is performing on contact tracing, Fauci said: "I don't think we're doing very well.

"If you go into the community and call up and say: 'How's the contact tracing going?' The dots are not connected because a lot of it is done by phone. You make a contact, 50% of the people, because you're coming from an authority don't even want to talk to you."

Responding to people's resistance to wearing masks, Fauci said it was "a recipe for disaster" and said some states had reopened too quickly.

"There are some states in which the leadership and the decision [to open up] was a little too precipitous," he said. "There are others when the leadership did it right, but the citizenry didn't listen to them."

Oregon coronavirus updates, June 29: Masks to be required statewide in indoor public spaces - Statesman Journal

Posted: 29 Jun 2020 02:47 PM PDT

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Dr. Anthony Fauci speaks to how personal responsibility and social distancing is the key to ending the spread of the coronavirus. USA TODAY

To provide our community with important public safety information, our newsroom is making this daily update related to the coronavirus free to read. To support important local journalism like this, please consider becoming a digital subscriber

We'll update this story throughout the day with the latest news about coronavirus and its effects in Oregon on Monday, June 29.

Masks to be required statewide in public indoor spaces July 1

Oregonians statewide will be required to don a face covering in indoor public spaces beginning on Wednesday.

Following on the heels of a requirement in Marion, Polk, Clackamas, Hood River, Lincoln, Multnomah and Washington counties which began last week, Gov. Kate Brown announced today the requirement will go statewide on July 1.

"Over the last month, we have seen the disease spread at an alarming rate in both urban and rural counties. The upcoming July 4th holiday weekend is a critical point for Oregon in this pandemic, and we can all make a difference," Brown said in a release.

"Face coverings that cover your nose and mouth play a critical role in reducing the spread of this disease because droplets from our breath can carry the virus to others without us realizing it. If we all wear face coverings, practice six feet of physical distancing in public, wash our hands regularly, and stay home when we are sick, then we can avoid the worst-case scenarios that are now playing out in other states."

The announcement comes as several states began rolling back reopening plans.

Texas Gov. Greg Abbott on Friday announced another round of restrictions, including closing bars and limiting restaurant occupancy. And in Florida, bars on Friday were prohibited from allowing alcohol consumption.

"I do not want to have to close down businesses again like other states are now doing. If you want your local shops and restaurants to stay open, then wear a face covering when out in public," Gov. Brown said Monday.

"Please keep your Fourth of July celebrations small and local. We saw a lot of new COVD-19 cases following the Memorial Day holiday. Another spike in cases after the upcoming holiday weekend could put Oregon in a dangerous position."

Previous coverage: Mandatory face masks in indoor public spaces in Marion, Polk counties: What to know

Need a mask?: Here are four places to find masks made in Salem

Two more COVID-19 deaths in Marion County

After near-record new cases of COVID-19 in Oregon were announced over the prior three days, the state dropped to 146 new cases in data released Monday.

In the prior three days, Oregon had 250, 277 and 247 cases, the highest three-day period since testing began.

Oregon has had 8,485 confirmed positive or presumed cases of the novel coronavirus.

Marion County had 14 new cases in Monday's data for a total of 1,489 cases.

Also announced were two additional deaths related to the coronavirus in Marion County.

An 84-year-old woman in Marion County who tested positive on June 18, died on June 27.

A 72-year-old man in Marion County who tested positive on June 17, died on June 27. 

Both had underlying medical conditions, according to public health officials.

-Bill Poehler

COVID-19 by the numbers in Oregon

Here's the most recent data from OHA, as of Monday, June 29. 

  • 204: Deaths from COVID-19
  • 151: People hospitalized with confirmed or suspected COVID-19
  • 25: Patients placed on ventilators
  • 8,485: Total cases
  • 226,648: Tests that were negative
  • 234,769: Total number of tests given, since Jan. 24

Fauci: Vaccine could be ready soon, but might not be enough to halt pandemic

Dr. Anthony Fauci said he remains hopeful that a vaccine will be available as soon as November but warned that it might only be 70% effective. He added that, because a significant segment of the population won't want the vaccine, it's not likely the pandemic will be eradicated completely. Fauci blamed a "general anti-science, anti-authority, anti-vaccine feeling among ... an alarmingly large percentage of people."

Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said on CNN that the most effective vaccine, for measles, is 97 to 98% effective. "That would be wonderful if we get there. I don't think we will," Fauci said. "I would settle for 70, 75% effective."

USA TODAY

COVID-19 drug remdesivir to cost up to $3,120 per patient

The maker of a drug shown to shorten recovery time for severely ill COVID-19 patients said Monday that it will charge $2,340 for a typical treatment course for people covered by government health programs in the United States and other developed countries. Gilead Sciences said the price is $390 per vial, and the vast majority of patients are expected to receive a five-day treatment course using six vials. The price would be $3,120 for patients with private insurance. The amount patients pay out of pocket depends on insurance, income and other factors.

 Peter Maybarduk, a lawyer at the consumer group Public Citizen, called the price "an outrage," saying the drug received at least $70 million in public funding toward its development.

"The price puts to rest any notion that drug companies will 'do the right thing' because it is a pandemic," said Dr. Peter Bach, a health policy expert at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York.

USA TODAY

California, 7 other states could join New York's quarantine order

Travelers from eight additional states – including California – could soon be added to New York, New Jersey and Connecticut's mandatory quarantine order, which would push the total to 16 states representing nearly half the country's population. New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo's office is analyzing each state's COVID-19 data to determine which states will join the original eight subject to the order, which requires travelers from places with high infection rates to isolate for 14 days upon arrival. California, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Louisiana, Mississippi,  Nevada and Tennessee could be joining the original list: Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas and Utah. 

Joseph Spector, USA TODAY

Oregon COVID-19 cases by county

Here are the number of cases, both tested positive and presumptive, and deaths as of Monday, June 29:

  • Baker: 1 case, 477 negative tests
  • Benton: 82 cases, 5 deaths, 6,050 negative tests
  • Clackamas: 716 cases, 24 deaths, 21,914 negative tests
  • Clatsop: 49 cases, 2,319 negative tests
  • Columbia: 29 cases, 2,641 negative tests
  • Coos: 40 cases, 2,624 negative tests
  • Crook: 10 cases, 1024 negative tests
  • Curry: 7 cases, 660 negative tests
  • Deschutes: 172 cases, 10,392 negative tests
  • Douglas: 40 cases, 4,863 negative tests
  • Gilliam: 0 cases, 93 negative tests
  • Grant: 1 case, 185 negative tests
  • Harney: 1 case, 385 negative tests
  • Hood River: 88 cases, 2,252 negative tests
  • Jackson: 109 cases, 11,712 negative tests
  • Jefferson: 100 cases, 1,894 negative tests
  • Josephine: 32 cases, 1 death,  4,022 negative tests
  • Klamath: 116 cases, 4,869 negative tests
  • Lake: 15 cases, 243 negative tests
  • Lane: 145 cases, 3 deaths, 22,369 negative tests
  • Lincoln: 310 cases, 2 deaths, 4,534 negative tests
  • Linn: 140 cases, 9 deaths, 6,666 negative tests
  • Malheur: 101 cases, 1 death, 1,356 negative tests
  • Marion: 1,489 cases, 43 deaths, 16,423 negative tests
  • Morrow: 61 cases, 1 death, 449 negative tests
  • Multnomah: 2,167 cases, 69 deaths, 48,638 negative tests
  • Polk: 139 cases, 12 deaths, 2,794 negative tests
  • Sherman: 1 case, 141 negative tests
  • Tillamook: 9 cases, 1,187 negative tests
  • Umatilla: 482 cases, 4 deaths, 3,404 negative tests
  • Union: 327 cases, 1 death, 1,537 negative tests
  • Wallowa: 8 cases, 417 negative tests
  • Wasco: 68 cases, 1 death, 2,119 negative tests
  • Washington: 1,315 cases, 20 deaths, 30,766 negative tests
  • Wheeler: 0 cases, 118 negative tests
  • Yamhill: 115 cases, 8 deaths, 5,086 negative tests

Source: Oregon Health Authority 

Read or Share this story: https://www.statesmanjournal.com/story/news/2020/06/29/oregon-coronavirus-updates-covid-19-deaths-marion-county/3277858001/

WHO’s coronavirus warning: ‘Worst is yet to come’ - The Australian

Posted: 30 Jun 2020 01:39 AM PDT

WHO director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. Picture: AFP
WHO director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. Picture: AFP

he World Health ­Organisation has warned the "worst is yet to come" as the COVID-19 pandemic death toll passed 500,000 over the past six months.

"We all want this to be over. We all want to get on with our lives. But the hard reality is this is not even close to being over," WHO director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus told a virtual press conference as the number of confirmed infections topped 10 million.

"Six months ago, none of us could have imagined how our world — and our lives — would be thrown into turmoil by this new virus.

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"Globally, the pandemic is actually speeding up.

"We're all in this together, and we're all in this for the long haul. We have already lost so much — but we cannot lose hope."

Dr Tedros criticised misinformation and the politicisation of the virus, saying that unless international unity replaced fractious division, "the worst is yet to come. I'm sorry to say that".

"With this kind of environment and condition, we fear the worst."

He said the WHO was sending a team to China to work towards finding the disease's source, six months after it was first informed of the outbreak in the central city of Wuhan.

The organisation has been pressing China since early May to invite in its experts to help investigate the animal origins of the coronavirus.

"We can fight the virus better when we know everything about the virus, including how it started," Dr Tedros said,

"We will be sending a team next week to China to prepare for that and we hope that that will lead into understanding how the virus ­started."

He did not specify the makeup of the team, nor what specifically its mission would consist of.

While the world races to find safe and effective vaccines and therapeutics against COVID-19, Dr Tedros said countries such as South Korea had shown that the virus could be successfully suppressed and controlled without them.

He said governments needed to be "serious" about measures such as contact tracing, and citizens had to take responsibility for personal steps such as maintaining hand hygiene.

Reflecting on the global death toll and infection numbers, he said: "Still, this could have been prevented through the tools we have at hand.

"The critical question that all countries will face in the coming months is how to live with this virus. That is the new normal."

Dr Tedros's warning came as America's top virologist, Anthony Fauci, said the US may never reach immunity levels required to overcome coronavirus because of an "alarmingly large" anti-science sentiment that means too many people could refuse a vaccine.

The search for a vaccine may well be successful by the new year but is unlikely to provide complete protection, the chief White House virus adviser said.

He said he would settle for an inoculation that was 70 to 75 per cent effective, giving countries a chance of establishing herd immunity, which effectively stops it from spreading. But he said he was concerned by the high numbers who said they would not have a jab.

The weekly average of new COVID-19 cases is falling in only four states and rising in 31, ­although President Donald Trump has insisted that there are more cases because of more testing. He tweeted last week that "Coronavirus deaths are way down. Mortality rate is one of the lowest in the World".

The US is fifth in the world for deaths as a ratio of recorded cases, at 4.9 per cent, in a chart compiled by Johns Hopkins University. On deaths per 100,000 people, the US is second on 38.45, behind Britain on 65.63.

Dr Fauci said he was optimistic that a vaccine would be available by February but it might not be completely effective.

"The best we've ever done is measles, which is 97 to 98 per cent effective," the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases said.

"That would be wonderful if we get there. I don't think we will. I would settle for 70, 75 per cent ­effective vaccine."

About 70 per cent of Americans said they planned to have a coronavirus vaccine if it was free, according to a Washington Post-ABC News poll this month. About two-thirds agreed in a CNN poll.

Asked whether a vaccine that is 70 to 75 per cent effective and given to two-thirds of the country would create herd immunity, Dr Fauci said: "No, unlikely.

"There is a general anti-­science, anti-authority, anti-vaccine feeling among some people in this country — an alarmingly large percentage of people, relatively speaking."

AFP, The Times

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The latest on the coronavirus outbreak for June 29 - CBC.ca

Posted: 29 Jun 2020 01:25 PM PDT

 

A voter wearing a face mask and gloves casts his ballot in Moscow. Russia is voting on a constitutional reform that would allow President Vladimir Putin to stay in power until 2036. (Pavel Golovkin/The Associated Press)

Potential COVID-19 vaccine has re-energized anti-vaccination groups, health experts warn

As Canadians yearn for an end to the COVID-19 pandemic, many are pinning their hopes on unprecedented global efforts to develop a vaccine against the virus. But even though most infectious disease experts say the earliest possible timeframe would be at least a year or two away, anti-vaccination groups are already well into online and social media campaigns stoking doubts about the safety — and even questioning the necessity — of a coronavirus vaccine, writes CBC's Nicole Ireland.

"I just am astonished at how early the anti-vaccine narrative has started," Dr. Natasha Crowcroft, a vaccine expert at the University of Toronto's Dalla Lana School of Public Health, said in an interview with CBC's The Dose health podcast. "Unless our public health leaders can generate a lot of trust, it's going to be very, very difficult." That's because anti-vaccination groups have become extremely savvy communicators and "seem to be much better" than public health experts at reaching out to a variety of people with different ideologies — from those who distrust pharmaceutical companies to those protesting public health lockdowns aimed at curbing the spread of coronavirus, Crowcroft told podcast host Dr. Brian Goldman.

Anti-vaccination groups in Canada and the U.S. are positioning themselves as advocates for what they call "personal freedoms" and "medical choice" in the midst of the pandemic — posting content online and on social media that not only targets vaccination, but also protests the closure of businesses, physical distancing requirements and the wearing of masks. In the midst of a worldwide pandemic and an unprecedented effort to develop a vaccine as quickly as possible, many people have questions and anxiety about the process, said Jonathan Jarry, a science communicator in the Office for Science and Society at McGill University in Montreal, which has a mandate to debunk misinformation for the public. At the same time, he said, the anti-vaccination movement is "seemingly re-energized and ... pushing a lot of misinformation and disinformation and lies and fuelling that anxiety."

To combat that, both Crowcroft and Jarry agree, it's essential that public health officials, physicians and community leaders talk openly and transparently with Canadians about the vaccine development process and directly answer their questions and concerns — and they need to start now. One of the key concerns that needs to be directly addressed is how a coronavirus vaccine can be developed more quickly than any vaccine before it and still be safe, Jarry said. The answer, Crowcroft said, is that "the current situation is so different that it is possible to get through the development steps faster without cutting any corners that might compromise safety." "Governments are helping to speed things up by funding the trials so they can go on in parallel and/or the gaps between each step are shorter, without the long delays for decision-making about whether the company wants to take the [financial] risk of moving forward," said Crowcroft, who was recently appointed a senior technical adviser for the World Health Organization's measles, mumps and rubella program.

It's up to each country's regulatory agency, such as Health Canada, to determine whether a vaccine can be used and be independent of any industry influence. "Safety cannot be compromised," Crowcroft said. "Health Canada will see to that. It is their statutory responsibility." In an emailed statement to CBC, Dr. Theresa Tam, Canada's chief public health officer, said that before any vaccine is approved for use in this country, "Health Canada conducts rigorous scientific reviews and testing of the vaccine to assess the quality, safety and effectiveness." But if these kinds of questions about safety, as well as other concerns, aren't dealt with directly by public health officials — or if the public doesn't trust them — anti-vaccination voices will fill that void with misinformation, Jarry said. The most effective way to talk to people who are vaccine-hesitant, he said, "all boils down to empathy and to listening and to building trust."

Click below to watch more from The National

This weekend, the world passed 10 million recorded cases of COVID-19, but while many hard-hit countries are showing clear progress in getting the virus under control, the U.S. is seeing massive spikes in new infections. 3:20

IN BRIEF

COVID-19 transmission 'largely under control' but relapses possible, says Tam

Canada's chief public health officer said transmission of the novel coronavirus is largely under control in the country, but warned that the caseload can flare up at any time. "The novel coronavirus has not been eliminated and we do not have an effective vaccine at this time. So as restrictive public health measures are being lifted to minimize the unintended health, social and economic consequences we expect to see some resurgence of cases," Dr. Theresa Tam told an updated modelling briefing Monday.

The number of daily cases is steadily declining, along with the number of hospitalized and critical care cases, Tam said. She warned, however, that lifting pandemic measures too soon without a proper system of contact tracing and isolation likely would lead to relapses. "The key is to keep the number of cases small," she said. After months of strict travel rules and widespread business shutdowns, more provinces are easing restrictions. Later this week, the four Atlantic provinces will open their borders to each other, meaning residents in those areas can travel without having to self-isolate for 14 days. But efforts to reopen have experienced setbacks in multiple provinces. The updated Public Health Agency of Canada figures show that some areas have been more heavily affected by COVID-19 than others — specifically Quebec and Ontario — and identified some recent regional hotspots, including parts of Saskatchewan, the cities of Toronto and Montreal and around the border town of Windsor, Ont.

Of Ontario's 257 confirmed new cases of COVID-19, reported today, 177 are from the Windsor-Essex area. The provincial caseload grew sharply following targeted testing of migrant farm workers over the weekend. Tam touched on the issue of migrant farm workers during her briefing with colleague Dr. Howard Njoo today. She said the pandemic has exposed vulnerabilities in crowded settings such as long-term care homes, meat plants and the congregate housing facilities where many agricultural workers live while in Canada. And British Columbia, which has moved into Phase 3 of its reopening plan, is seeing a sustained rise in cases for the first time in months, with hospitalizations at their highest point since June 7 and the five-day rolling average of new cases the highest since May 17. While interprovincial borders continue to open up, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said his government continues to monitor the COVID-19 count in the United States, which has reported more than 2.5 million cases and more than 125,000 deaths.

Read more about what's happening in Canada

Trudeau says only WE Charity can administer student grant program as Conservatives call for investigation

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said the WE Charity is the only organization capable of administering more than $900 million in grants for students this summer, as the federal Conservatives call for an investigation into the decision. Trudeau said federal public servants identified WE as the organization with the best countrywide network for connecting young people to paid volunteer positions this summer. WE will administer the Canada student service grant, which will provide eligible students with up to $5,000 to support the costs of post-secondary education in the fall. The amount of each grant will depend on the amount of time the recipient devotes to volunteer work.

The federal Liberal government has been criticized for allocating such a large sum of money to a third party that has ties to Trudeau and his wife, Sophie Grégoire Trudeau. Grégoire Trudeau hosts a podcast for WE and has appeared at a number of their youth-oriented events. In a letter to Auditor General Karen Hogan, the federal Conservatives argue that "outsourcing" the Canada Student Service Grant to WE Charity undermines Parliament's ability to monitor the aid program. "The proper channels for Opposition scrutiny, the very bedrock of our parliamentary democracy, have been circumvented," reads the letter signed by Conservative MPs Pierre Poilievre, Dan Albas and Raquel Dancho.

Trudeau said the federal government has worked with a number of charities during the pandemic — it has given money to the United Way to fund grassroots organizations, he said, and also to Food Banks Canada — and there is nothing wrong with this new partnership with WE. He said thousands of young people want to "step up and engage in their communities" and the grants will help them to do that. Trudeau said it was the Department of Employment and Social Development that recommended tasking WE with doling out the grants. The international charity, formerly known as Free the Children, was started by human rights advocates Marc and Craig Kielburger in 1995. "When our public servants looked at the potential partners, only the WE organization had the capacity to deliver the ambitious program that young people need for for the summer," Trudeau said.

Read more about the situation

Alberta to spend billions on infrastructure, cut corporate taxes as part of recovery plan

Alberta will spend billions on infrastructure projects, cut its corporate tax rate, establish a new investment agency and introduce a series of targeted incentives for industry as part of a plan to restart its battered economy. Premier Jason Kenney said his government would spend $10 billion on projects that will immediately create jobs, including health-care facilities, pipelines, schools, drug treatment centres and more. He said the government anticipates the creation of 50,000 jobs directly tied to the projects across the province.

The province has been battered by oil price wars and the COVID-19 pandemic and has seen its deficit balloon from a projected $7 billion to $20 billion this year. Its most recent budget was based on oil fetching $58 US per barrel, a forecast critics called rosy at the time, and was rushed through the legislature as a battle between Saudi Arabia and Russia cratered the price and the global pandemic settled on Alberta. Economists are predicting a severe recession in the once-booming province and even Kenney has warned of "a great fiscal reckoning" to come in a province that has tied its fortunes to the swings of its main commodity. Calgary has been particularly hard hit over the past few years by an oil price downturn that refuses to rebound. Calgary Mayor Naheed Nenshi has said the city will require particular aid from the province and the federal government in order to ride out its current storm.

In addition to the spending announced today, Kenney also said his government would speed up the implementation of corporate tax cuts, slashing the rate to eight per cent from 10 per cent starting on July 1. The plan will offer incentives for the tech sector to employ workers and will funnel $175 million into the Alberta Enterprise Corporation to provide venture capital to startups. As well, a new agency, Investment Alberta, will set up international offices and pitch Alberta to potential investors. Sector-specific initiatives to spur diversification will be unveiled in the coming days and weeks. Kenney said the moves represent a "plan for a generation of growth" and that if the government does not act quickly, the "fiscal challenges will become insurmountable." "Our future is truly at stake," he said.

Read more about Alberta's plan

THE SCIENCE

China approves COVID-19 vaccine candidate for military use, skips final phase of testing

China's military received the green light to use a COVID-19 vaccine candidate developed by its research unit and CanSino Biologics after clinical trials proved it was safe and showed some efficacy, the company said on Monday. The Ad5-nCoV is one of China's eight vaccine candidates approved for human trials at home and abroad for the respiratory disease caused by the novel coronavirus. The shot also won approval for human testing in Canada.

China's Central Military Commission approved the use of the vaccine by the military on June 25 for a period of one year, CanSino said in a filing. The vaccine candidate was developed jointly by CanSino and a research institute at the Academy of Military Science. CanSino declined to disclose whether the inoculation of the vaccine candidate is mandatory or optional, citing commercial secrets, in an email to Reuters. The Phase 1 and 2 clinical trials of CanSino's vaccine candidate showed it has the potential to prevent diseases caused by the coronavirus, but its commercial success cannot be guaranteed, the company said. Phase 3, which tests a vaccine's efficacy and safety on many thousands of people, is still to be completed. This step is usually considered the most important for widespread approval, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

No vaccine has yet been approved for commercial use against COVID-19, but more than a dozen vaccines from more than 100 candidates globally are being tested in humans. People on six continents already are getting jabs in the arm as the race for a vaccine enters a defining summer, with even bigger studies poised to prove if any shot really works — and maybe offer a reality check. Vaccine experts, meanwhile, say it's time to set public expectations. Many scientists don't expect a coronavirus vaccine to be nearly as protective as the measles shot. If the best COVID-19 vaccine is only 50 per cent effective, "that's still to me a great vaccine," said Dr. Drew Weissman of the University of Pennsylvania. "We need to start having this conversation now," so people won't be surprised, he said.

AND FINALLY...

Nova Scotia businesses deliver thousands of sandwiches to those in need during the pandemic

Give Us Your Lunch Money was an initiative that made and delivered 5,000 sandwiches and 7,000 sweets to organizations that feed the hungry in Nova Scotia during the pandemic. (Give Us Your Lunch Money/Facebook)

It started with a simple idea: use leftover lunch money to help people in need during the pandemic. Three months later, a bakery in Chester, N.S., has delivered thousands of sandwiches and sweets to food banks and service organizations while at the same time providing work for staff and supporting local producers. It's the good kind of community spread, said Laura Mulrooney, the owner of Julien's Bakery and one of the people behind Give Us Your Lunch Money, an initiative that raised more than $20,000.

Her bakery, along with The Other Bean in Halifax and Chester's Cafe in Chester, made and delivered 5,000 sandwiches and 7,000 sweets to organizations that feed the hungry from Halifax to Bridgewater. The idea started when Mulrooney's brother gave her spare change he would have spent on parking and lunch, but no longer needed since he was working from home. Mulrooney decided to ask her customers to pitch in as well. "People were very generous," she said. "Some people gave us $1,000 and some people gave us $10, and my favourites were people who just kept giving every week, $10, $20, $50. I called them serial donors and that really meant a lot to us."

In the process of helping others, Mulrooney said she also helped her small business and many others. She kept her staff employed and could still buy from local producers unable to sell at farmers markets because of the province's restrictions. While the project has wrapped up, Mulrooney said she's thankful for the relationships she's formed with non-profits. "They could definitely give us a shout and if there was a way we could help them out, we would," she said.

Read the full story about the initiative

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Still looking for more information on the outbreak? Read more about COVID-19's impact on life in Canada, or reach out to us at covid@cbc.ca.

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When a vaccine comes along for coronavirus, how many will say ‘no thanks’? - OCRegister

Posted: 12 Jun 2020 12:00 AM PDT

No vaccine exists yet for COVID-19, but the war against it already is raging.

Bill Gates is funding vaccine research to implant microchips in billions of people, said one assertion that went viral. Dr. Anthony Fauci owns patents on a coronavirus protein, and deliberately orchestrated COVID-19 to profit from an eventual vaccine, claimed another.

"I do not consent to mandatory vaccination!!!" proclaimed protest signs at recent rallies. "COVID-19 is a false flag operation to usher in the New World Order," said a banner at another. "Say no to martial law, mandatory vaccinations, one world currency, cashless society."

Social media teems with posts claiming that the pandemic — and riots over George Floyd's death — were engineered by the government to justify a sinister level of control. One meme equates a COVID inoculation with the Tuskegee experiment — "US government offers free healthcare to southern rural blacks. Intentionally injects them with syphilis. STILL WANT A CORONA VACCINE?"

While most people eagerly await a vaccine that might protect against the worst ravages of the novel coronavirusrecent polling found 70 percent of Americans would get one if it were free and available to everyone —  reasonable doubt and conspiracy theories abound. If skeptics refuse to get inoculated, it might suck wind from the sails of any vaccine that ultimately gains approval — which, in turn, could enable the virus to keep spreading and, ultimately, cost lives.

Vaccination rates falling

Vaccination rates have fallen in recent years, and once-eradicated diseases have reemerged. The measles outbreak in 2019 — 1,282 cases across 31 states — was the greatest the United States has seen since 1992, according to the CDC.

Those numbers seem quaint in the face of the coronavirus pandemic, which has infected 2 million people in the U.S., leading to 114,000 deaths.

Outbreaks of once-eradicated diseases like the measles happen because people forget, said David D. Lo, distinguished professor of biomedical sciences at UC Riverside.

"The really scary part of this is that many of the people resisting vaccines for their kids include people with higher income and education," Lo said. "The acceptance rate for vaccines seems to be much higher among people who come from places where they remember how bad it was when vaccines weren't available and kids were dying form measles and meningitis."

It's a cliché, said Richard M. Carpiano, professor of public policy and sociology at UC Riverside, that vaccines are the victims of their own success.

Skeptic central

Southern California has long been an epicenter for vaccine doubters, with a concentration of affluent, go-your-own-way parents rejecting the recommended regimen for their children.

Dr. Bob Sears in Capistrano Beach on October 30, 2013. Sears recommends patients get immunized but delay some vaccines. The Southern California pediatrician was been placed on probation for 35 months by the Medical Board of California in 2018 for exempting a 2-year-old boy from vaccinations without sufficient information. (Photo by ED CRISOSTOMO, ORANGE COUNTY REGISTER/SCNG)

They found an ally in pediatrician Bob Sears of Capistrano Beach, whose alternate vaccine schedule is founded on the notion that some children's immune systems can be overloaded by all those shots in first two years of life. Sears believes parents should be able to make their own decisions about when and whether to vaccinate, so long as they understand the risks. He has a fervent following, even though he was placed on probation by the Medical Board of California for being too free with medical exemptions for children.

Sears is not a COVID denier. "The disease is real," he said by email. "However, I do think a government has no right to mandate a vaccine if it has serious side effects and if it does NOT prevent infection and spread of disease (i.e., it only reduces complications).

"Some would argue that even if it does, you can't force a medical intervention on anyone if there are significant risks — bodily autonomy is an important concept for both sides of the political aisle," Sears continued. "Plus, there is growing concern about the use of fetal tissues from terminated pregnancies to make vaccines (as is already the case with MMR, Chickenpox, Hepatitis A, and a DTaP/Polio combination): this raises religious constitutional issues that could make mandates problematic."

Some vaccine viruses are, indeed, grown via fibroblast cells from fetal embryos. But those cells were first obtained from elective termination of two pregnancies in the early 1960s, the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia says in a fact-check. "These same embryonic cells obtained from the early 1960s have continued to grow in the laboratory and are used to make vaccines today. No further sources of fetal cells are needed to make these vaccines."

Might a COVID vaccine become mandatory to return to work, to school? With 70 percent of people eager to get one, would it need to be? Mandatory vaccination is possible, but nothing is clear yet as no vaccine has been approved.

Critics aren't waiting to push their alternate message out.

"There is not a single good reason to accept dangerous vaccination for COVID-19 or any other disease when natural immunity combined with natural remedies — like high dose vitamin C IV, homeoprophylaxis, etc. — and other medical remedies (like hydroxychloroquine/zinc) can and has cured virtually every infection we can think of, including COVID-19, polio, measles, pertussis, chickenpox, etc., etc., etc," said Larry Cook of Los Angeles by email.

"Besides, we all know vaccines don't work, as evidenced by the pro-vaccine community being deathly afraid of the anti-vaccine community: If vaccines actually worked, no one would be afraid. Why not just use what already works: natural immunity."

Screen shot from Stop Mandatory Vaccination Facebook page

Cook runs the website StopMandatoryVaccination.com, a main hub for the anti-vaccine movement that has spent heavily on social media advertising. Its site is dotted with ads for heavy metal detoxes and books like "The Unvaccinated Child: A Treatment Guide for Parents and Caregivers."

At the top of its Facebook page is something new: "This Group Discusses Vaccines. When it comes to health, everyone wants reliable, up-to-date information. Before joining this group, read information from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) that can help answer questions you may have about vaccines."

Carpiano, of UCR, noted that this is the world's first social-media pandemic.

Warp speed

The unprecedented push to deliver a COVID-19 vaccine by the end of this year, backed by some $10 billion in public and private funding, does not reassure those prone to doubt.

It can take years, even decades, to develop and test a vaccine for safety and efficacy. The novel coronavirus is just six or so months old, and there already are 123 vaccines in development worldwide. Another 10 are in clinical trials, according to the World Health Organization.

"The haste to WANT a vaccine quickly is understandable, but we need to do it the right way," Sears said. "We can either pour hundreds of millions of dollars, or even billions, into a poorly researched rush job to create a vaccine that might not even work — dollars that nobody has, and that could be used to save lives, feed the now-destitute, and rebuild —   or spend tens of millions of dollars on a proper scientific process to develop a vaccine the right way, with methodical research that takes time, so we have a vaccine that is safe, effective, and that the public will trust.

"Who is going to trust a fast-tracked vaccine?"

If the government pushes too far too fast, Sears warned, people might not just lose trust in the COVID vaccine, but in other, routine vaccines as well.

A researcher works on virus replication in order to develop a vaccine against the coronavirus COVID-19. (Photo by DOUGLAS MAGNO/AFP via Getty Images)

Carpiano, from UCR, said the warp-speed push plays into concerns about Big Pharma running the show, prioritizing profits over public safety.

"The anti-vaxx activists, while small in number, are really politically quite effective in terms of mobilizing social media and spreading disinformation," he said. "We know that's going to create significant obstacles in terms of ensuring the most optimal uptake of a vaccine in the population. Even if everything is done by the book, they're still going to be able to say, 'They rushed out this vaccine. What is it we don't know?' And in some ways, that's understandable."

Perspective

It's not new. More than 100 years ago, Sir William Osler got so fed up with the "anti-vaxxers" of 1910 that he dared them to expose themselves to smallpox and promised to personally pay for the resulting funeral expenses. He did not get any takers, wrote physician Christopher A. Swingle in the Journal of the Missouri State Medical Association.

Vaccines are one of the greatest success stories in public health, says the CDC in its vaccine primer. They've eradicated smallpox and nearly eliminated wild polio virus. The number of people who suffer the devastating effects of preventable infectious diseases like measles, diphtheria, and whooping cough is at an all-time low.

But while vaccines are the best defense against infectious diseases, no vaccine is 100 percent safe or effective for everyone because each person's body reacts to vaccines differently, the CDC said.

And "as infectious diseases become less common, we hear less about the serious consequences of preventable illnesses like diphtheria and tetanus and more about the risks associated with vaccines," the CDC said.

"It's good to be informed about health choices, but the reality is that Americans have never been healthier than we are today and vaccines have never been safer than they are today. The benefits of vaccines far outweigh the risks."

Lo, of UCR, said Americans have incredibly short memories, forgetting how monumental it was when vaccines eliminated polio. That skepticism is not going away — it's getting worse. Science has become part of the political agenda, and people aren't thinking in terms of medical evidence, he said.

Nurse Susan Peel gives a whooping cough vaccination in Sacramento, Calif. (File Photo)

A conundrum looms, Carpiano said.

"This is not just an issue about vaccines and science — it's become an issue about government and liberty, " he said. "It's become an argument about values, and that's when it becomes a lot harder to debate."

In our culture, health is cast in personal terms, he said. Our bodies. Our right to choose. If you have heart disease and don't take your statin drugs or cancer and don't go to chemotherapy, it doesn't impact anyone else. It only impacts you. But if people skip a vaccine for a highly contagious disease that's deadly for older, sicker people, they aren't just impacting themselves — they're impacting others as well, he said.

"The government exists to protect the public welfare," Carpiano said. "That's the mandate. The question will be, 'Is the government doing enough to protect the public health?' "

Updated 10 a.m. 6/12/20 with latest COVID-19 case and death numbers

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